PROFESSIONALISM IN TEACHING (8612) END TERM ASSESSMENT 2019 3rd question

Q: NO: 3

How does teaching promote ethics in society? discuss the relationship of ethics with culture and society?

Answer

Ethics are well-founded standards that make the actions right and wrong. It helps categorize different values such as integrity discipline and honesty among others and apply them in daily lives. Ethics influences behavior and allows an individual to make the right choices. Without ethics, it will be very difficult to regulate life and act responsibly. While the importance of ethics can’t be ignored in any walk of life it’s imperative that they are practiced in the field of education.

Ethics in education are essential as they help run the system smoothly. it sets the standards of what’s acceptable and what’s not hence protecting the interests of both the educators and the learners. Ethics in education has been given a lot of importance over the years and institutions are designing courses that help students understand these ethics. Ethics in education is applicable to both the instructors as well as the students. While it’s the teacher’s job to make the students aware of these ethics the school management often takes it upon them to familiarize the instructors with the ethics that are relevant to their profession.

Every child should be educated and the United Nations has made it one of the fundamental human rights of every child, recognizing the harm in having uneducated persons and the importance of an educated citizenry. Unfortunately, there are some barriers to effective learning that receivers and givers of education have dealt with since time memorial, and some of these barriers are rooted in our ethics. The list of unethical issues in education that sometimes act as stumbling blocks to effective learning can be said to be endless.

However, some of the common ethical issues in education faced by stakeholders in the education sector are as follows: One of the commonest ethical issues in education is the choice of teacher a particular child or set of children will have in the following year. Such issues usually ensue
between the principal, school administration, and parents of the children. The choice of instructor /or teacher usually ensues between the principal, school administration, and parent. Two predictable outcomes usually result from such an issue – the principal either reluctantly concurs to the parents’
request or he makes a blanket statement stating the policy against honoring parents’ opinion as regards the choice of teachers for a particular class. The notion of zero tolerance policy against the give-them-another chance policy cannot work across the board. Some quarters, especially parents and guardians might be against the zero tolerance policy for reasons best known to them, others support the idea.

Both concepts can be applied simultaneously in all educational institutes. While the zero-tolerance policy is used for aggressive and anti-social and behavioral in-disciplinary actions like carrying firearms in the school and bullying, the second chance policy can be used for the encouragement of better academic performance. The second chance policy does not necessarily mean one should spare the rod and spoil the child. Schools are continuously faced with the issue of diversity stemming from students having different social and ethnic backgrounds. Public schools, in particular, have had to deal with issues relating to racial inequality and ethnic differences.

All educational institutes, particularly the public ones, need to address the issue of diversity by modifying the curriculum. Ethnic sports and multicultural festivals should be organized at schools, helping to bring together students of diverse backgrounds and helping to promote unity amongst them. The inclusion of prominent historical issues from different ethnicities would also help students to get familiar with one another’s cultural, ethnic, racial, and even religious differences. It has often been argued that examinations are not a true test of knowledge, as some students suffer from what is sometimes referred to as “examination fever”, where even a brilliant student finds it difficult to pass the simplest examination.

On a serious note, the argument of how students should be graded and the parameters guiding such grades are always questionable. On the other hand, who takes the blame for the failure of the student(s) – the rather incompetent teacher or the lazy student? In addition to the ethical issues affecting learning mentioned above, other issues worth noting include flexibility in the curriculum development, teaching strategy, continuous assessments, knowledge transfer, and best practices across the board. Each of the issues mentioned requires deep understanding and careful scrutiny to proffer effective solutions and enhance the educational system.

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